Data Provided by Refinitiv. Minimum 15 minutes delayed.

Press Release

March 31, 2021 at 4:01 PM EDT
Micron Technology, Inc. Reports Results for the Second Quarter of Fiscal 2021

Strong execution drives robust growth across multiple end markets

BOISE, Idaho, March 31, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Micron Technology, Inc. (Nasdaq: MU) today announced results for its second quarter of fiscal 2021, which ended March 4, 2021.

Fiscal Q2 2021 highlights

  • Revenue of $6.24 billion versus $5.77 billion for the prior quarter and $4.80 billion for the same period last year
  • GAAP net income of $603 million, or $0.53 per diluted share
  • Non-GAAP net income of $1.13 billion, or $0.98 per diluted share
  • Operating cash flow of $3.06 billion versus $1.97 billion for the prior quarter and $2.00 billion for the same period last year

“Micron’s strong fiscal second quarter performance reflects rapidly improving market conditions and continued solid execution,” said Micron Technology President and CEO Sanjay Mehrotra. “Our technology leadership in both DRAM and NAND places Micron in an excellent position to capitalize on the secular demand driven by AI and 5G, and to deliver new levels of user experience and innovation across the data center and intelligent edge.”

Quarterly Financial Results
(in millions, except per share amounts)
GAAP(1) Non-GAAP(2)
FQ2-21FQ1-21FQ2-20 FQ2-21FQ1-21FQ2-20
Revenue$6,236 $5,773 $4,797  $6,236 $5,773 $4,797 
Gross margin1,649 1,736 1,355  2,054 1,784 1,398 
percent of revenue26.4%30.1%28.2% 32.9%30.9%29.1%
Operating expenses986 870 915  797 811 856 
Operating income663 866 440  1,257 973 542 
percent of revenue10.6%15.0%9.2% 20.2%16.9%11.3%
Net income attributable to Micron603 803 405  1,128 897 517 
Diluted earnings per share0.53 0.71 0.36  0.98 0.78 0.45 

Investments in capital expenditures, net(2) were $2.88 billion for the second quarter of 2021, which resulted in adjusted free cash flows(2) of $174 million. Micron ended the quarter with cash, marketable investments, and restricted cash of $8.57 billion, for a net cash(2) position of $1.95 billion.

Business Outlook

The following table presents Micron’s guidance for the third quarter of 2021:

FQ3-21GAAP(1) OutlookNon-GAAP(2) Outlook
Revenue$7.1 billion ± $200 million$7.1 billion ± $200 million
Gross margin40.5% ± 1%41.5% ± 1%
Operating expenses$930 million ± $25 million$875 million ± $25 million
Interest (income) expense, net$27 million$25 million
Diluted earnings per share$1.52 ± $0.07$1.62 ± $0.07

Further information regarding Micron’s business outlook is included in the prepared remarks and slides, which have been posted at

Investor Webcast

Micron will host a conference call on Wednesday, March 31, 2021, at 2:30 p.m. MT to discuss its second quarter financial results and provide forward-looking guidance for its third quarter. A live webcast of the call will be available online at A webcast replay will be available for one year after the call. For Investor Relations and other company updates, follow @MicronTech on Twitter at

About Micron Technology, Inc.

We are an industry leader in innovative memory and storage solutions transforming how the world uses information to enrich life for all. With a relentless focus on our customers, technology leadership, and manufacturing and operational excellence, Micron delivers a rich portfolio of high-performance DRAM, NAND, and NOR memory and storage products through our Micron® and Crucial® brands. Every day, the innovations that our people create fuel the data economy, enabling advances in artificial intelligence and 5G applications that unleash opportunities — from the data center to the intelligent edge and across the client and mobile user experience. To learn more about Micron Technology, Inc. (Nasdaq: MU), visit

© 2021 Micron Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. Micron, the Micron logo, and all other Micron trademarks are the property of Micron Technology, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding our industry, our strategic position, and our financial and operating results. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially. Please refer to the documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, specifically our most recent Form 10-K and Form 10-Q. These documents contain and identify important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in these forward-looking statements. These certain factors can be found at Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. We are under no duty to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this release to conform these statements to actual results.

(1) GAAP represents U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
(2) Non-GAAP represents GAAP excluding the impact of certain activities, which management excludes in analyzing our operating results and understanding trends in our earnings, adjusted free cash flow, net cash, and business outlook. Further information regarding Micron’s use of non-GAAP measures and reconciliations between GAAP and non-GAAP measures are included within this press release.


(In millions, except per share amounts)

 2nd Qtr.1st Qtr.2nd Qtr.Six Months Ended
 March 4, 
December 3, 
February 27, 
March 4, 
February 27, 
Revenue$6,236  $5,773  $4,797  $12,009  $9,941  
Cost of goods sold4,587  4,037  3,442  8,624  7,220  
Gross margin1,649  1,736  1,355  3,385  2,721  
Research and development641  647  681  1,288  1,321  
Selling, general, and administrative214  214  223  428  434  
Other operating (income) expense, net131  9  11  140  8  
Operating income663  866  440  1,529  958  
Interest income10  10  34  20  78  
Interest expense(42) (48) (46) (90) (93) 
Other non-operating income (expense), net4  13  (1) 17  45  
 635  841  427  1,476  988  
Income tax (provision) benefit(48) (51) (21) (99) (76) 
Equity in net income (loss) of equity method investees16  13  1  29  3  
Net income603  803  407  1,406  915  
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests    (2)   (19) 
Net income attributable to Micron$603  $803  $405  $1,406  $896  
Earnings per share     
Basic$0.54  $0.72  $0.37  $1.26  $0.81  
Diluted0.53  0.71  0.36  1.23  0.79  
Number of shares used in per share calculations     
Basic1,120  1,115  1,111  1,118  1,109  
Diluted1,144  1,135  1,133  1,139  1,131  

(In millions)

As ofMarch 4, 
December 3, 
September 3, 
Cash and equivalents$6,507  $5,985  $7,624  
Short-term investments677  1,047  518  
Receivables3,353  3,691  3,912  
Inventories4,743  5,242  5,373  
Assets held for sale1,461      
Other current assets538  564  538  
Total current assets17,279  16,529  17,965  
Long-term marketable investments1,316  1,264  1,048  
Property, plant, and equipment31,848  32,229  31,031  
Operating lease right-of-use assets575  577  584  
Intangible assets342  336  334  
Deferred tax assets726  726  707  
Goodwill1,228  1,228  1,228  
Other noncurrent assets821  802  781  
Total assets$54,135  $53,691  $53,678  
Liabilities and equity   
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$4,550  $4,856  $5,817  
Current debt323  273  270  
Other current liabilities560  559  548  
Total current liabilities5,433  5,688  6,635  
Long-term debt6,298  6,356  6,373  
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities528  529  533  
Noncurrent unearned government incentives661  656  643  
Other noncurrent liabilities552  555  498  
Total liabilities13,472  13,784  14,682  
Commitments and contingencies   
Shareholders’ equity   
Common stock120  120  119  
Additional capital9,234  9,034  8,917  
Retained earnings34,723  34,138  33,384  
Treasury stock(3,495) (3,495) (3,495) 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)81  110  71  
Total equity40,663  39,907  38,996  
Total liabilities and equity$54,135  $53,691  $53,678  

(In millions)

Six months endedMarch 4,
February 27,
Cash flows from operating activities  
Net income$1,406  $915  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities  
Depreciation expense and amortization of intangible assets3,036  2,661  
Amortization of debt discount and other costs15  16  
Stock-based compensation189  157  
(Gain) loss on debt prepayments, repurchases, and conversions  (42) 
Change in operating assets and liabilities  
Receivables533  104  
Inventories629  (69) 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(777) 257  
Deferred income taxes, net(11) 38  
Other4  (25) 
Net cash provided by operating activities5,024  4,012  
Cash flows from investing activities  
Expenditures for property, plant, and equipment(5,756) (3,999) 
Purchases of available-for-sale securities(1,349) (566) 
Proceeds from maturities of available-for-sale securities746  523  
Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities178  1,059  
Proceeds from government incentives176  105  
Other31  (21) 
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities(5,974) (2,899) 
Cash flows from financing activities  
Payments on equipment purchase contracts(123) (29) 
Repayments of debt(103) (1,676) 
Acquisition of noncontrolling interest in IMFT  (744) 
Proceeds from issuance of debt  1,250  
Other17  (8) 
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities(209) (1,207) 
Effect of changes in currency exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash43  (14) 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(1,116) (108) 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period7,690  7,279  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period$6,574  $7,171  



Effective as of the beginning of the second quarter of 2021, we changed our method of inventory costing from average cost to FIFO. This change in accounting principle is preferable because in an environment with continuously changing production costs FIFO more closely matches the actual cost of goods sold with the revenues from sales of those specific units, better represents the actual cost of inventories remaining on hand at any period-end, and improves comparability with our semiconductor industry peers. The change to FIFO was not material to any prior periods, nor is the cumulative effect of $133 million material to the second quarter of 2021. As such, prior periods were not retrospectively adjusted, and the cumulative effect was reported as an increase to cost of goods sold for the second quarter of 2021 of $133 million, with an offsetting reduction to beginning inventories. This charge resulted in a corresponding reduction to operating income, a $128 million reduction to net income, and an $0.11 reduction to diluted earnings per share for the second quarter of 2021.

Beginning in the second quarter of 2021, we changed the classification of spare parts for equipment to better align with the manner in which they are used in operations. As a result, we now present spare parts as other current assets and no longer as a component of raw materials inventories. This reclassification was applied on a retrospective basis. As a result, $270 million of spare parts were presented in other current assets as of March 4, 2021, and we reclassified spare parts from inventories to other current assets of $279 million and $234 million in the accompanying balance sheets as of December 3, 2020 and September 3, 2020, respectively.

Assets Held for Sale

In the second quarter of 2021, we updated our portfolio strategy to further strengthen our focus on memory and storage innovations for the data center market. In connection therewith, we determined that there was insufficient market validation to justify the ongoing investments required to commercialize 3D XPointTM at scale. Effective as of the end of the second quarter of 2021, we ceased development of 3D XPoint technology and engaged in discussions with potential buyers for the sale of our facility located in Lehi, Utah, that was dedicated to 3D XPoint production. As a result, we classified the property, plant, and equipment as held-for-sale and ceased depreciating the assets. As of March 4, 2021, the significant balances of assets and liabilities classified as held-for-sale in connection with our Lehi facility included $1.44 billion of property, plant, and equipment included in assets held for sale and $51 million of a finance lease obligation included in current portion of long-term debt. We also recognized a charge of $49 million to cost of goods sold in the second quarter of 2021 to write down 3D XPoint inventory due to our decision to cease further development of this technology. We expect to reach an agreement for the sale of our Lehi facility within calendar year 2021.

(In millions, except per share amounts)

 2nd Qtr.1st Qtr.2nd Qtr.
 March 4, 
December 3, 
February 27, 
GAAP gross margin$1,649  $1,736  $1,355  
Inventory accounting policy change to FIFO133      
Change in inventory cost absorption160      
3D XPoint inventory write-down49      
Stock-based compensation57  41  37  
Other6  7  6  
Non-GAAP gross margin$2,054  $1,784  $1,398  
GAAP operating expenses$986  $870  $915  
Stock-based compensation(55) (51) (48) 
Patent license charges(128)     
Restructure and asset impairments(5) (8) (10) 
Other(1)   (1) 
Non-GAAP operating expenses$797  $811  $856  
GAAP operating income$663  $866  $440  
Inventory accounting policy change to FIFO133      
Change in inventory cost absorption160      
3D XPoint inventory write-down49      
Stock-based compensation112  92  85  
Patent license charges128      
Restructure and asset impairments5  8  10  
Other7  7  7  
Non-GAAP operating income$1,257  $973  $542  
GAAP net income attributable to Micron$603   $803   $405   
Inventory accounting policy change to FIFO133   —   —   
Change in inventory cost absorption160   —   —   
3D XPoint inventory write-down49   —   —   
Stock-based compensation112   92   85   
Patent license charges128   —   —   
Restructure and asset impairments    10   
Amortization of debt discount and other costs      
Estimated tax effects of above and non-cash changes in net deferred income taxes(77) (20)   
Non-GAAP net income attributable to Micron$1,128   $897   $517   
GAAP weighted-average common shares outstanding - Diluted1,144   1,135   1,133   
Adjustment for stock-based compensation and capped calls10   11   11   
Non-GAAP weighted-average common shares outstanding - Diluted1,154   1,146   1,144   
GAAP diluted earnings per share$0.53   $0.71   $0.36   
Effects of the above adjustments0.45   0.07   0.09   
Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share$0.98   $0.78   $0.45   


 2nd Qtr.1st Qtr.2nd Qtr.
 March 4,
December 3,
February 27,
GAAP net cash provided by operating activities$3,057   $1,967   $2,001   
Investments in capital expenditures, net   
Expenditures for property, plant, and equipment, net(1) (3,000) (2,726) (2,013) 
Payments on equipment purchase contracts(26) (97) (18) 
Amounts funded by partners143   40   93   
Adjusted free cash flow$174   $(816) $63   

(1) Expenditures for property, plant, and equipment, net include proceeds from sales of property, plant, and equipment of $18 million for the second quarter of 2021, $12 million for the first quarter of 2021, and $43 million for the second quarter of 2020.


As ofMarch 4, 
December 3, 
September 3, 
Cash and short-term investments$7,184  $7,032  $8,142  
Current and noncurrent restricted cash67  67  66  
Long-term marketable investments1,316  1,264  1,048  
Current and long-term debt(6,621) (6,629) (6,643) 
Net cash$1,946  $1,734  $2,613  

The tables above reconcile GAAP to non-GAAP measures of gross margin, operating expenses, operating income, net income attributable to Micron, diluted shares, diluted earnings per share, adjusted free cash flow, and net cash. The non-GAAP adjustments above may or may not be infrequent or nonrecurring in nature, but are a result of periodic or non-core operating activities. We believe this non-GAAP information is helpful in understanding trends and in analyzing our operating results and earnings. We are providing this information to investors to assist in performing analysis of our operating results. When evaluating performance and making decisions on how to allocate our resources, management uses this non-GAAP information and believes investors should have access to similar data when making their investment decisions. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures increase transparency by providing investors with useful supplemental information about the financial performance of our business, enabling enhanced comparison of our operating results between periods and with peer companies. The presentation of these adjusted amounts varies from amounts presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP and therefore may not be comparable to amounts reported by other companies. Our management excludes the following items in analyzing our operating results and understanding trends in our earnings:

  • Stock-based compensation;
  • Flow-through of business acquisition-related inventory adjustments;
  • Acquisition-related costs;
  • Start-up and preproduction costs;
  • Employee severance;
  • Patent license charges;
  • Restructure and asset impairments;
  • Amortization of debt discount and other costs, including the accretion of non-cash interest expense associated with our convertible notes and other debt;
  • Gains and losses from debt repurchases and conversions;
  • Gains and losses from business acquisition activities;
  • Initial impact of inventory accounting policy change to FIFO and change in inventory cost absorption in the second quarter of 2021; and
  • The estimated tax effects of above, non-cash changes in net deferred income taxes, assessments of tax exposures, and significant changes in tax law.

Non-GAAP diluted shares are adjusted for the impact of additional shares resulting from the exclusion of stock-based compensation from non-GAAP income. Non-GAAP diluted shares also include the impact of capped calls, which are anti-dilutive in GAAP earnings per share but are expected to mitigate the dilutive effect of convertible notes, based on the average share price for the period the capped calls were outstanding.


FQ3-21GAAP Outlook Adjustments Non-GAAP Outlook
Revenue$7.1 billion ± $200 million —    $7.1 billion ± $200 million
Gross margin40.5% ± 1% 1% A 41.5% ± 1%
Operating expenses$930 million ± $25 million $55 million B $875 million ± $25 million
Interest (income) expense, net$27 million $2 million C $25 million
Diluted earnings per share(1)$1.52 ± $0.07 $0.10 A, B, C, D $1.62 ± $0.07

Non-GAAP Adjustments
(in millions)
AStock-based compensation – cost of goods sold $46  
AOther – cost of goods sold  
BStock-based compensation – research and development 29  
BStock-based compensation – sales, general, and administrative 26  
CAmortization of debt discount and other costs  
DTax effects of the above items and non-cash changes in net deferred income taxes  

(1) GAAP earnings per share based on approximately 1.15 billion diluted shares and non-GAAP earnings per share based on approximately 1.16 billion diluted shares.

The tables above reconcile our GAAP to non-GAAP guidance based on the current outlook. The guidance does not incorporate the impact of any potential business combinations, divestitures, restructuring activities, balance sheet valuation adjustments, strategic investments, financing transactions, and other significant transactions. The timing and impact of such items are dependent on future events that may be uncertain or outside of our control.

Contacts: Farhan Ahmad Investor Relations (408) 834-1927 Erica Rodriguez Pompen Media Relations (408) 834-1873